Top 5 Cybersecurity Skills Every Beginner Should Know About

The need for cybersecurity is at an all-time high as organizations increasingly undergo the online shift and surely get comfortable using cloud storage. But what does cybersecurity stand for? Cybersecurity is the technology field that safeguards computers, systems, networks, and data from hacking attempts and unauthorized access to preserve its confidentiality. Intending to protect digital data in mind, there is a growing need for cybersecurity professionals who can ensure that internet users are afforded the privacy they desire. 

A solid cybersecurity expert should have a broad range of skills; however, you can still make your mark in the industry as a beginner. In this blog, your friendly cybersecurity experts from Akitra have outlined the top five cybersecurity abilities that will help you break into the industry. This article gives you a concise idea of the most important aspects of being a cybersecurity expert and where you can learn to be one. 

Ready to dive deeper? Let’s go!

Why is Cybersecurity in Demand?

Here are the top three reasons:

  1. Confidential data is everywhere

Every business deals with some sensitive data throughout normal business operations, and even non-tech organizations must gather the most fundamental personnel data in human resources. This personally identifiable information (PII) is highly sought-after on the “dark web” of the internet because it may be used for identity theft and other illegal activities.

  1. Fulfilling compliance requirements

To comply with data privacy laws, businesses must take proactive cybersecurity precautions. According to the two leading players, those in charge of personal data must take reasonable steps to keep it secure, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA).

  1. Preventing data leaks

There is not only a skyrocketing demand for good cybersecurity professionals, but there is also a significant shortage. The average data breach cost rose by 2.6% from USD 4.24 million in 2021 to USD 4.35 million in 2022. These expenses include harm to the business’s reputation, assistance for the data breach victims, monetary penalties, and the time and money needed to look into what caused the breach. The salaries are high, and the workforce desperately needs cybersecurity experts. Therefore, it makes sense for up-and-coming talent to get into the field and build their authority, to fill the skills gap.

Top 5 Cybersecurity Skills for Beginners

  1. Coding

Starting with the fundamentals, coding is a no-brainer skill to learn if you’re thinking of a career in cybersecurity. You can gain essential insights into how languages like HTML and Javascript are vulnerable to security breaches by understanding the fundamental coding concepts used in such languages.

Here is a list of top languages you need to know how to code in:

  • C and C++: are low-level programming languages (used infrequently now) that are essential for anyone working in cybersecurity;
  • Python: is a well-known high-level programming language using which you can identify vulnerabilities and fix them, that is currently gaining traction with cyber professionals;
  • JavaScript: is a high-level programming language that will help you avoid cross-site scripting attacks, which is a great benefit;
  • PHP: is a high-level programming language used to develop the majority of websites, and that aids in protecting them from hackers;
  • HTML: is one of the simplest languages to learn and is another language cybersecurity experts should be familiar with;
  • Go Lang: works excellently for cryptography and can be used to address many cybersecurity issues; and,
  • SQL: also known as Structured Query Language, it is widely used by attackers to corrupt the data that has been stored.
  1. Network Security

Controlling network security refers to the various techniques used to increase a network’s security. You must understand how your network functions as well as how routers, firewalls, and other devices operate. A firewall is a piece of hardware or software that prevents your computer from receiving or sending traffic from the internet. You must use a firewall as a cybersecurity professional to filter and stop unauthorized traffic from entering the network.

You also need to be familiar with remote access, intrusion detection systems, and intrusion prevention systems. You should, for instance, use the IDS to monitor the network for malicious traffic and security policy violations.

Security is necessary for computer networks used for routine transactions and communication. In their daily operations, businesses use a wide range of networks. It is extremely beneficial to learn the intricate details of how to set up and manage virtual private networks (VPN), wide area networks, and local area networks (LAN).

  1. Operating Systems

The foundation of cybersecurity is systems. By studying the distinctive qualities of popular operating systems and being familiar with command-line interfaces like Linux’s Terminal or Windows’ Powershell, you may learn as much as you can about desktop and mobile systems.

As a cybersecurity specialist, you want to feel at ease using any OS. Virtual machines (or VMs) let you train and conduct a study in a private setting while enhancing your abilities. You should also be familiar with the basic concepts of ethical hacking and penetration testing.

  1. Cloud Security

Employers seek experts with security expertise that can be applied to public and hybrid cloud platforms like AWS and Azure. More businesses are using cloud infrastructure to operate applications and store data. This includes implementing policies and technological safeguards to safeguard cloud-based devices and systems.

Building safe systems from the ground up is a requirement for cloud security, just like for application development security. Big platform managers with expertise in Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, and the Google Cloud Platform are in high demand.

  1. Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain Security

Both of these are relatively new technical fields, which is why up-and-coming cybersecurity professionals have the chance to explore and exhibit their talents to their best potential. 

Artificial intelligence is a recent invention that has found widespread use. AI is ideal for the cybersecurity industry because it improves cybersecurity measures’ dependability and consistency. It also helps security personnel spot suspicious activities and better understand the online world.

Compared to human capabilities, AI offers an unrivaled level of automation and support, seeing threats that could otherwise go unreported and neglected. Artificial intelligence may also be taught to grow and change, improving its ability to counteract new and evolving threats and hacking methods.

Like AI, blockchain is becoming super popular these days, in part because of how secure it is. Therefore, cybersecurity experts should educate themselves about blockchain and how it addresses security challenges. Think of it as getting ready for the future.

Blockchain is projected to make security inroads into mobile computing, supply chain integration, network control, and Internet of Things devices (more on later).

It is challenging for hackers to infiltrate blockchain due to its complexity. A hacker would need to remove the data from every user whose computer is linked to the targeted global network in order to corrupt or destroy a blockchain.

Additional Cybersecurity Skills That You Should Learn

  • Risk analysis: Cybersecurity experts must recognise, control, and reduce risks. In the upcoming years, there will be a considerable need for skill sets related to risk management and mitigation.
  • Information security: Businesses need knowledgeable personnel who can safeguard their computer data from illegal access.
  • Security Incident Handling and Response: As a cybersecurity professional, you must be equipped to deal with any real risk of a security policy violation. You must recognize, monitor, record, and analyze security threats in real-time while using security incident management. Security practitioners must manage and analyze security information and event management (SIEM) technologies and services.
  • Security Audit:It is an internal examination to look for company information system problems. Knowledge of security audits and regulatory compliance is essential because any regulatory compliance requirement that is overlooked could result in severe fines and penalties for the firm.
  • Security Legislations: This is a cybersecurity component that is frequently disregarded. You need to be informed of the many cybersecurity laws and rules. These regulations set forth acceptable online behaviour and guard against cybercrime victimization

Cybersecurity with Akitra!

There are many of tools available to help you gain the expertise and abilities you need to get started, and there is a huge demand for cybersecurity professionals right now. You can pursue a career in cybersecurity even without a traditional college or university education through hands-on projects, networking, and skill development through online training classes.

Consider taking on general IT positions to develop the fundamental abilities you’ll need to comprehend how systems, applications, and networks operate if you want to enter the cybersecurity industry. You will have invaluable knowledge you can apply as you learn how to handle security risks if you thoroughly understand how the main IT infrastructure links and transmits data.

As much as this field requires skilled professionals, it also requires cutting-edge programs that help secure digital data against malware and hackers. Our team of cybersecurity experts at Akitra has tried to make our cybersecurity product as seamless and user-friendly as possible. Andromeda Cybersecurity provides quad-layer protection against ransomware and other threats. You may explore the platform and see the workings of world-class data protection software first-hand! 

Check out Andromeda cybersecurity TODAY!

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